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Chengalpattu was formerly a capital of the kings of Vijayanagara, after their defeat by the Deccan sultanates at Battle of Talikota in 1565. In 1639 a local governor or Nayak, subject to these kings, granted a piece of coastal land to the British East India Company where Fort St George now stands, which became the nucleus of the city of Madras. The fortress at Chengalpattu, built by the Vijayanagara kings in the 16th century, was of strategic importance, owing to its swampy surroundings and the lake that flanked its side.

Chengalpattu was taken by the French in 1751, and was retaken in 1752 by Robert Clive, after which it proved of great strategic advantage to the British, especially when Lally failed to capture the fortress in his advance on Madras.

During the wars of the British with Hyder Ali of Mysore it withstood his assault, and afforded a refuge to the nearby residents; in 1780, after the defeat of Colonel W. Baillie, the army of Sir Hector Munro took refuge there. By 1900 the town was noted for its manufacture of pottery, and was a local market center, especially of the rice trade. The surrounding district was home to cotton and silk weaving, indigo dyeing, tanneries, and a cigar factory, and extensive salt manufacturing took place along the coast.

In the past Chingleput was established as a district of the Madras Presidency in 1765. The administrative headquarters were at Saidapet. The area of the district was 3079 sq. mi., and the population was 1,312,122 in 1901. In 1999, the district was split into the districts of Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur.

The foremost attraction of anyone who passes through Chengalpattu is the Kolavai lake. It is the Second Largest lake in the Kanchipuram District.

Geographical Location Coordinates: 12.7 N 79.98 E

Nearest Railway Juction : Chengalpattu
Nearest Zoological Park : Vandalur 24 Kms
Nearest Bird Sanitary : Vedanthangal 23 Kms
Nearest Airport : Chennai 50 Kms
Nearest Seaport : Chennai 64 Kms


Industrial Areas
North Side  Mahindra City 5 KMS

Census
As of 2001 India census, Chengalpattu had a population of 62,631. Male to female ratio is very close to 1. The average literacy rate here is 81%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 84% and female literacy of 77%.
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